S. Pappa, V. Ntella, T. Giannakas, V. G. Giannakoulis, E. Papoutsi, and P. Katsaounou, “Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” Brain. Behav. Immun., 2020.
 C. K. Ettman, S. M. Abdalla, G. H. Cohen, L. Sampson, P. M. Vivier, and S. Galea, “Prevalence of depression symptoms in US adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic,” JAMA Netw. open, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. e2019686–e2019686, 2020.
 M. J. Dubey, R. Ghosh, S. Chatterjee, P. Biswas, S. Chatterjee, and S. Dubey, “COVID-19 and addiction,” Diabetes Metab. Syndr. Clin. Res. Rev., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 817–823, 2020.
 S. H. Lee et al., “Depression as a mediator of chronic fatigue and post-traumatic stress symptoms in middle east respiratory syndrome survivors,” Psychiatry Investig., vol. 16, no. 1, p. 59, 2019.
 M. Luchetti et al., “The trajectory of loneliness in response to COVID-19.,” Am. Psychol., 2020.
 R. Barzilay et al., “Resilience, COVID-19-related stress, anxiety and depression during the pandemic in a large population enriched for healthcare providers,” Transl. Psychiatry, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2020.
 R. Rossi et al., “COVID-19 Pandemic and Lockdown Measures Impact on Mental Health Among the General Population in Italy. Front Psychiatry 2020; 11: 790.” 2020.
 J. M. Twenge and T. E. Joiner, “US Census Bureau‐assessed prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in 2019 and during the 2020 COVID‐19 pandemic,” Depress. Anxiety, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 954–956, 2020.
 Y. Krishnamoorthy, R. Nagarajan, G. K. Saya, and V. Menon, “Prevalence of psychological morbidities among general population, healthcare workers and COVID-19 patients amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” Psychiatry Res., vol. 293, p. 113382, 2020.
 W. Gao, S. Ping, and X. Liu, “Gender differences in depression, anxiety, and stress among college students: a longitudinal study from China,” J. Affect. Disord., vol. 263, pp. 292–300, 2020.
 N. Salari, “Hosseinian-Far, Jalali, Vaisi-Raygani, Rasoulpoor, Mohammadi, Rasoulpoor and Khaledi-Paveh (2020)‘Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis.,’” Glob. Heal. Glob. Heal., vol. 16, no. 1, p. 57.
 J. Lai et al., “Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019,” JAMA Netw. open, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. e203976–e203976, 2020.
 S. B. Bareeqa et al., “Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress in china during COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review with meta-analysis,” Int. J. Psychiatry Med., p. 0091217420978005, 2020.
 N. Ozamiz-Etxebarria, M. Dosil-Santamaria, M. Picaza-Gorrochategui, and N. Idoiaga-Mondragon, “Stress, anxiety, and depression levels in the initial stage of the COVID-19 outbreak in a population sample in the northern Spain,” Cad. Saude Publica, vol. 36, p. e00054020, 2020.
 C. Mazza et al., “A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Italian people during the COVID-19 pandemic: immediate psychological responses and associated factors,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 17, no. 9, p. 3165, 2020.
 S. Verma and A. Mishra, “Depression, anxiety, and stress and socio-demographic correlates among general Indian public during COVID-19,” Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 756–762, 2020.
 K. Hayat et al., “Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on mental health status and associated factors among general population: a cross-sectional study from Pakistan,” Psychol. Heal. Med., 2021, doi: 10.1080/13548506.2021.1884274.
 J. Li et al., “Anxiety and depression among general population in China at the peak of the COVID-19 epidemic,” World Psychiatry, vol. 19, no. 2. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, pp. 249–250, Jun. 01, 2020, doi: 10.1002/wps.20758.
 N. M. Kamal and N. Othman, “Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in the time of COVID-19 Pandemic in Kurdistan Region, Iraq,” Kurdistan J. Appl. Res., pp. 37–44, May 2020, doi: 10.24017/covid.5.
 S. Yörük and D. Güler, “The relationship between psychological resilience, burnout, stress, and sociodemographic factors with depression in nurses and midwives during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study in Turkey,” Perspect. Psychiatr. Care, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 390–398, 2021, doi: 10.1111/ppc.12659.
 M. T. Hossain, B. Ahammed, S. K. Chanda, N. Jahan, M. Z. Ela, and M. N. Islam, “Social and electronic media exposure and generalized anxiety disorder among people during COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: A preliminary observation,” PLoS One, vol. 15, no. 9, p. e0238974, 2020.
 M. Vismara et al., “Is cyberchondria a new transdiagnostic digital compulsive syndrome? A systematic review of the evidence,” Compr. Psychiatry, vol. 99, p. 152167, 2020.
 O. Király et al., “Preventing problematic internet use during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consensus guidance,” Compr. Psychiatry, vol. 100, p. 152180, Jul. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152180.
 S. R. Azim and M. Baig, “Frequency and perceived causes of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students of a private medical institute in karachi: A mixed method study,” J. Pak. Med. Assoc., vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 840–845, 2019.
 Y. Ndasauka, A. Pitafi, and G. M. Kayange, “Psychometric properties of Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in Urdu language,” Asian J. Psychiatr., vol. 40, pp. 39–44, 2019.
 J. Bueno-Notivol, P. Gracia-García, B. Olaya, I. Lasheras, R. López-Antón, and J. Santabárbara, “Prevalence of depression during the COVID-19 outbreak: A meta-analysis of community-based studies,” Int. J. Clin. Heal. Psychol., vol. 21, no. 1, p. 100196, 2021.
 H. Ritchie and M. Roser, “Mental health. Our world in data. Retrieved October 7, 2019.” 2018.
 M. Shevlin et al., “Anxiety, depression, traumatic stress and COVID-19-related anxiety in the UK general population during the COVID-19 pandemic,” BJPsych Open, vol. 6, no. 6, 2020.
 H. Dong, F. Yang, X. Lu, and W. Hao, “Internet addiction and related psychological factors among children and adolescents in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic,” Front. Psychiatry, vol. 11, p. 751, 2020.
 R. Rossi et al., “COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown measures impact on mental health among the general population in Italy,” Front. psychiatry, vol. 11, p. 790, 2020.
 M. Z. Ahmed, O. Ahmed, Z. Aibao, S. Hanbin, L. Siyu, and A. Ahmad, “Epidemic of COVID-19 in China and associated psychological problems,” Asian J. Psychiatr., vol. 51, p. 102092, 2020.
 S. S. Alavi, M. R. Maracy, F. Jannatifard, and M. Eslami, “The effect of psychiatric symptoms on the internet addiction disorder in Isfahan’s University students,” J. Res. Med. Sci. Off. J. Isfahan Univ. Med. Sci., vol. 16, no. 6, p. 793, 2011.
 K. Niemz, M. Griffiths, and P. Banyard, “Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition,” Cyberpsychology Behav., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 562–570, 2005.
 X. Chi et al., “Mental health problems among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19: The importance of nutrition and physical activity,” Int. J. Clin. Heal. Psychol., vol. 21, no. 3, p. 100218, 2021.
 S. S. Asim, S. Ghani, M. Ahmed, A. Asim, and A. F. K. Qureshi, “Assessing Mental Health of Women Living in Karachi During the Covid-19 Pandemic,” Front. Glob. Women’s Heal., vol. 1, p. 24, 2021.
 “scholar.” .
 J. Xiong et al., “Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general population: A systematic review,” J. Affect. Disord., 2020.
 C. for D. C. and Prevention, “People with certain medical conditions. 2020,” Available https//www. cdc. gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medicalconditions. html, 2020.
 B. Obrenovic, D. Jianguo, A. Khudaykulov, and M. A. S. Khan, “Work-family conflict impact on psychological safety and psychological well-being: A job performance model,” Front. Psychol., vol. 11, p. 475, 2020.