Background: Relevant study had demonstrated that Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) had relationship with occurrence and development of tumors which suggested that PON1 was a key gene in promoting tumor progression. However, the relationship between PON1 and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is still unclear so far. Methods: We downloaded relevant data about KIRC from TCGA dataset and compared it with normal renal tissues. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was applied to analyze the expression of PON1. Univariate cox regression analysis and multivariate cox regression analysis were also utilized to analyze independent factors associated with prognosis. Gene set enrichment analysis was conducted to find the signaling pathways of PON1 in KIRC. Finally, we also investigated whether PON1 had relationship with immunity.
Results: As shown in results, PON1 expression was decreased in KIRC compared with adjacent paracancer tissues. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was utilized to find the expression of PON1. After survival analysis, the high expression of PON1 was significantly related to overall survival (P<0.001). Univariate/Multivariate cox regression analysis both revealed that PON1 could serve as an independent prognostic factor. To analyze overall survival (OS) of patients with KIRC, nomogram was developed. GSEA revealed that PON1 was correlated with homologous recombination. Besides, PON1 had few relationships with immunity.
Conclusions: Our results revealed that PON1 could serve as an independent prognostic factor for KIRC, providing a novel target for KIRC future treatments.