- Consent for publication: no consent was needed for the publication
- Availability of Data: data are available on request to the corresponding author
- Competing interests: all the authors declare to have no conflict of interest.
- Funding: no funding
- Authors' contributions: MC, MP, FC, Fco ideated the research and study design
MC and MP analyzed data
MC, MP, FAZ, FC, NA, KG, YK, WB, GT, GB, LA, MS, WB and Fco drafted the manuscript
All the authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript
WSES-MIS working group
Andreas Fette13, Andreas Hecker14, Andrey Litvin15, Antonello Forgione16, Ari Leppaniemi17, Belinda de Simone18, Boris Sakakushev19, Casey R Palmatier20, Cino Bendinelli21, Dimitris Damascos22, Edoardo Picetti23, Edward Tan24, Elia Poiasina2, Emmanouil Pikoulis25, Enrico Cicuttin12, Ernest E Moore26, George Velmahos27, Gustavo Fraga28, Harry Van Goor29, Ian Civil30, Imtiz Wani31, Isidoro Di Carlo32, Joseph Galante33, Kjetil Søreide34, Luca Degrate35, Luigi Zorcolo36, Marc de Moya37, Marco Braga1, Marco Cereda35, Micheal Sugrue38, Mircea Chirica39, Nicola de Angelis40, Philip F. Stahel41, Rao Ivatury42, Richard Ten Broek43, Salomone di Saverio44, Solomon Gurmu Beka45, Stefano Magnone2, Yunfeng Cui46, Zsolt J. Balogh47, Micheal Dennis Kelly48, Kenji Inaba49
13: Pediatric Surgery_Special Services (PS_SS) Weissach im Tal, Drosselstr 4 71554 Weissach im Tal/FRG
14: Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg, Standort Gießen, Giessen, Germany
15: Department of Surgical Disciplines, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Regional Clinical Hospital, Kaliningrad, Russia
16: General Surgery, Niguarda Hospital, Milano, Italy
17: Abdominal Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland.
18: Department of Emergency and metabolic minimally invasive surgery, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal De Poissy/Saint Germain en Laye, Possy-France
19: RIMU/Research Institute at Medical University of Plovdiv/UMHAT St George Plovdiv, Bulgaria
20: Henry Ford Professor and Edward J. Brickhouse Chairman| EVMS Surgery
EVMS Medical Group, Norfolk, VA, USA.
21: Endocrine & General Surgery, Conjoint Professor, University of Newcastle, Deputy Director of Trauma, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, Australia.
22: Consultant in General and Emergency Surgery,Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer,Deanery of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine & Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburg, Edinburg, Scotland, UK
23: Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy.
24: Chair deparment of Emergency Medicine, Radboud UMC, Nijmegen, Netherlands
25: Professor of Surgery & Chairman of the 3rd Department of Surgery, Attikon
General Hospital, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), Athen, Grece
26: Ernest E Moore Shock Trauma Center, Denver Health, Dencer, Colorado, USA
27: John F. Burke Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Chief, Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
28: Professor Associado do Departamento de Cirurgia, Coordenador da Disciplina de Cirurgia do Trauma, Coordenador do Escritório de Relações Internacionais Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (FCM) – Unicamp Campinas, SP. Brasil.
29: Head of Surgical Research Laboratory, Chair Theme Reconstructive and Regenerative Medicine, Radbouc UMC, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
30: Surgery, Auckland City Hospital, Aucland, New Zeland
31: Government Gousia Hospital,Srinagar, Kashmir,India
32: Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies, University of Catania, General Surgery Cannizzaro Hospital, Catania, Italy.
33: Medical Director, Perioperative Services,Trauma Medical Director, Professor of Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA.
34: Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery | Stavanger University Hospital - Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
35: General Surgery, ASST Monza, Monza, Italy
36: General Surgery, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
37: Professor and Chief of Trauma/Acute Care Surgery, Lunda/Aprahamian Chair Medical College of Wisconsin/Froedtert Trauma Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.
38: General Surgery, Letterkenny Hospital Donegal, Ireland
39: General Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
40: Unit of Digestive and HPB Surgery, CARE Department Henri Mondor University Hospital (AP-HP), Faculty of Medicine, University of Paris Est, Créteil, France
41: The Medical Center of Aurora and Spalding Rehabilitation Hospital, Aurora, CO, USA
42: Chief, Trauma, Critical Care , Emergency surgery, VCU Health System, Richmond, Virginia, USA
43: Surgery, Radbouc UMC, Nijmegen, The netherlands
44: Director of General Surgery Dept., ASUR Marche, AV5, Hospital of San Benedetto del Tronto (AP) - Sapienza University, Roma, Italy
45: Consultant Emergency Surgery, Professional Specialist at Ethiopian Air Force Hospital. President of Ethiopian Emergency Surgery Association. Bishoftu, Oromia, Ethiopia.
46: Department of Surgery, Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Nankai Clinical School of Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
47: Department of Traumatology, John Hunter Hospital and University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW Australia
48: MedAlliance, Albury, NSW, Australia.
49: Professor and Vice Chair of Surgery, University of Southern California, LAC+USC Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
WSES- MIS consortia: see appendix 2