The elevated layer of heat-absorbing pollutant aerosols causes temperature perturbations in the pre-monsoon period above the boundary layer height (1.6-4 km) as observed over a polluted tropical urban location Kolkata (22°34' N, 88°22' E) during 2007-2016. Satellite observations of different types of aerosols show an increase in aerosol extinction coefficient around 1.6-4 km altitude, enhancing the perturbations in both temperature and wind profiles at that height. The opposing air mass movement within and above the boundary layer, which is strengthened by elevated heat-absorbing aerosols, is illustrated by height profiles of atmospheric vorticity and divergence. This results in higher Brunt-Vaisala frequencies indicating increased atmospheric oscillations. Consequently, atmospheric gravity waves, which manifest the temperature and wind profile perturbations, have enhanced energy in the upper troposphere (6-10 km). Based on multi- technique observations consisting of radiosonde, space-borne lidar and model data, this study reveals the interactions between aerosol and other atmospheric processes such as temperature variations and wind perturbations, which affect the atmospheric instability and increase gravity wave activities during the pre-monsoon period over a tropical metropolis.