Meningiomas arising from the meningothelial central nervous system lining are the most common primary intracranial tumors, and a significant cause of neurologic morbidity and mortality1. There are no effective medical therapies for meningioma patients2,3, and new treatments have been encumbered by limited understanding of meningioma biology. DNA methylation profiling provides robust classification of central nervous system tumors4, and can elucidate targets for molecular therapy5. Here we use DNA methylation profiling on 565 meningiomas integrated with genetic, transcriptomic, biochemical, and single-cell approaches to show meningiomas are comprised of 3 epigenetic groups with distinct clinical outcomes and biological features informing new treatments for meningioma patients. Merlin-intact meningiomas (group A, 34%) have the best outcomes and are distinguished by a novel apoptotic tumor suppressor function of NF2/Merlin. Immune-enriched meningiomas (group B, 38%) have intermediate outcomes and are distinguished by immune cell infiltration, HLA expression, and lymphatic vessels. Hypermitotic meningiomas (group C, 28%) have the worst outcomes and are distinguished by convergent genetic mechanisms misactivating the cell cycle. Consistently, we find cell cycle inhibitors block meningioma growth in cell culture, organoids, xenografts, and patients. Our results establish a framework for understanding meningioma biology, and provide preclinical rationale for new therapies to treat meningioma patients.