Kurdistan is one of the largest stateless nations in the world. Due to its geographical location, straddled between four major nation-states often in conflict with one another, Kurds face a disproportional level of conflict. Research has shown that there are significant mental health consequences as a result of living in conflict zones. It is suspected that the experience of statelessness in Kurdistan differs from the experience of individuals in neighbouring states, regardless of similar conflicts (Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey). This could be due to the compounding effects of a sense of ‘not belonging’, as well as having barriers to accessing mental healthcare as a stateless individual. The current paper seeks to highlight the present literature on the understanding of conflict-related mental health consequences specifically affecting Iraqi Kurdish children and adolescents and to outline gaps in knowledge through a scoping review.