To compare the efficacies of minimal invasive decompression by posterior microscopic mini-open technique combined with percutaneous pedicle fixation (hereafter MOT) and traditional open surgeries in patients with severe traumatic spinal canal stenosis resulting from AO Type A3 or A4 thoracolumbar burst fractures and provide references for clinical treatment.
The clinical materials of 133 patients with severe traumatic spinal canal stenosis caused by AO Type A3 or A4 thoracolumbar burst fractures who underwent MOT (group A) or traditional open surgery (group B) were retrospectively enrolled. The patient demographic and radiological data were analyzed between the two groups.
A total of 64 patients were finally recruited in this study. There were no significant differences in gender, age, follow-up time, injury mechanism, injured level, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) classification, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score, Visual analogue scale (VAS) score and hospital stay between the two groups (P>0.05). After procedures, the prevertebral height ratio (PHR), the Cobb angle, and the mid-sagittal canal diameter compression ratio (MSDCR) in two groups were significantly improved (P<0.05). Meanwhile, group A with little intraoperative bleeding volume, and the VAS score improved better at post-operation and last follow up, but the operative time was longer (P<0.05). The PHR, the Cobb angle in the two groups at the post-operation and last follow up without significantly different (P>0.05), the MSDCR was improved at last follow up when compared with the value at post-operation (P<0.05). However, the Cobb angle in group A was well maintained than in group B at last follow up (P<0.05) and the MSDCR in group B at last follow up improved better than in group A (P<0.05).
Both the MOT and traditional open surgery can treat AO type A3 and A4 thoracolumbar burst fractures accompanied with severe traumatic spinal stenosis effectively. The MOT has advantages including minimal invasion, extremely fine spinal canal decompression, lower intraoperative bleeding volume and obvious pain relief. We suggest that MOT should be preferentially selected for AO type A3 or A4 thoracolumbar burst fractures accompanied with severe traumatic spinal stenosis.