Thermotolerant lactic acid producing bacteria, isolated from red soil of brick kiln was identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as Bacillus sonorenesis , which showed remarkable capability to ferment sugars of lignocellulosic biomass after pre-treatment, yielding 0.97 g/g lactic acid with overall productivity of 0.38 g L -1/ h. RSM was employed to optimize the sulphuric acid pre-treatment combined with dilute NaOH and hot water pre-treatment. Pretreated wheat straw biomass had 40.4% cellulose, 18.4% hemicellulose, 12.4% lignin and 28.2 g L -1 reducing sugar, while native wheat straw biomass had 36% cellulose, 25% hemicellulose, 20% total lignin, and 0.94 g L -1 reducing sugar. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the ordered and compact structure of wheat straw was destroyed upon pre-treatment. X-ray diffractogram (XRD) revealed 9.71% increase in crystallinity index ( CrI ) in pretreated biomass. FTIR spectrogram showed removal of lignin due to reduction of peak at 1640 cm -1 in pretreated biomass. Bacillus sonorenesis DGS15 is inhibitor tolerant (furfural (1.2 g L -1 ) and HMF (2.4 g L -1 )). Furfural was consumed after 72 h of fermentation and HMF got accumulated with 3.75-fold increase in concentration in the fermentation broth. In terms of final concentration, yield, and fermentation duration, this is the best performance of DGS15 for lactic acid production utilizing xylose, glucose as the carbon source. All of these findings showed that the thermotolerant Bacillus sonorenesis strain DGS15 is a novel, attractive candidate for producing lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass.