The multi-channel lidar has the characteristics of fast acquisition speed, large data volume, high dimension, and strong real-time storage, which makes it difficult to be met using the traditional lidar data storage methods. This paper presents a novel approach to store and convert the multi-channel lidar data by traversal method of the tree structure and binary code. In the proposed approach, a tree structure is constructed based on the multi-dimensional characteristics of multi-channel lidar data and the hierarchical relationship between them. The adjacency table storage structure data in the memory is used to generate the sub-tree of the multi-channel lidar data. The results show that the proposed tree structure approach can save the storage capacity and improve the retrieval speed, which can meet the needs of efficient storage and retrieval of multi-channel lidar data.