Background: To achieve the goal “health equity for all", equitable and reasonable allocation of health resources is the basic material guarantee. As an area which owns more developing provinces and minority nationality region than other regions in China, the western China should get more attention in the health resources allocation while there was not.
Methods: Lorentz curve, Gini coefficient and Theil index were used to analyze the health resources allocation which including number of health institutions, number of beds, (assistant) medical practitioners, registered nurses in the western China from 2014 to 2018 from two dimension: population and geography.
Results: The total health resources shows an increasing tendency from 2014-2018; The Gini coefficients for health resources by population dimension were ranged from 0.057 to 0.13, in geography dimension the Gini coefficients ranged between 0.61 and 0.64. Meanwhile, the Lorentz curve in population dimension had a smaller curvature than in geography dimension; In two dimensions, the intra-group contribution rate of the Theil index was higher than the inter-group.
Conclusion: The equity of health resources allocation should be further improved, especially the allocation of health institutions. Moreover, the access to health resources should also by improve by a diversity method.