To develop a clinically predictive nomogram model which can maximize patients’ net benefit in terms of predicting the prognosis of patients with thyroid carcinoma based on the 8th edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging method.
We selected 134,962 thyroid carcinoma patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2015 from SEER database with details of the 8th edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual and separated those patients into two datasets randomly. The first dataset, training set, was used to build the nomogram model accounting for 80% (94,474 cases) and the second dataset, validation set, was used for external validation accounting for 20% (40,488 cases). Then we evaluated its clinical availability by analyzing DCA (Decision Curve Analysis) performance and evaluated its accuracy by calculating AUC, C-index as well as calibration plot.
Decision curve analysis showed the final prediction model could maximize patients’ net benefit. In training set and validation set, Harrell’s Concordance Indexes were 0.9450 and 0.9421 respectively. Both sensitivity and specificity of three predicted time points (12 Months,36 Months and 60 Months) of two datasets were all above 0.80 except sensitivity of 60-month time point of validation set was 0.7662. AUCs of three predicted timepoints were 0.9562, 0.9273 and 0.9009 respectively for training set. Similarly, those numbers were 0.9645, 0.9329, and 0.8894 respectively for validation set. Calibration plot also showed that the nomogram model had a good calibration.
The final nomogram model provided with both excellent accuracy and clinical availability and should be able to predict patients’ survival probability visually and accurately.