Around 15% of couples fail to get pregnant within one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. In about 50% of these cases, a male infertility factor is found, and is solely responsible in 20% of couples. (1, 2)
Infertility is described as the inability after one year of normal, unprotected intercourse to attain conception. In the United States, infertility affects about 8 million people. The likelihood of conception during the first year of fertility-focused sexual activity is 84% for active young people. (1, 2)
Male infertility was due to a number of causes including lifestyle factors, exposure to gonadotoxins, hormonal dysfunctions, chromosomal abnormalities, varicoceles, testicular failure, disorders with the ejaculations and obstructions. If there is no specific treatment available, or the origin of male factor infertility cannot be corrected, there may be other options, such as assisted reproductive techniques (ART). (3–6)
The effects of infertility are myriad and can have impacts on society and personal suffering. Advances in assisted reproductive technologies, such as IVF, can offer hope to many couples where treatment is available, although medical coverage and affordability barriers exist. (7)
In many fields electrical shocks are used to treat many diseases and issues and it is used in many fields of medicine which is called energy medicine. Given its dangers but within current range (up to 5 milliamps) it may be useful. This tingle decreases in 1 milliamp will create only a slight tingle as the amount of current decreases until it produces a little discomfort with 5 milliamps. (8–10)
Males begin sperm development when they hit maturity, which is normally 10–16 years old. To increase the probability of sperm entering the egg, they are produced in vast amounts (~ 200 million a day). Sperm are created continuously as males need to be ready to use the female's limited fertility window. (11)
Sperm development occurs in the male tests, especially in the seminiferous tubules. Blood-testis membrane prevents the tubules separate from blood circulation.
Spermatogenesis takes approximately 70 days, therefore multiple spermatogenic processes occur simultaneously within the same seminiferous tubule, with new groups of spermatogonia occurring every 16 days (spermatogenic cycle) to ensure continuous and not intermittent sperm production. Each of those spermatogenic cell populations will be at different spermatogenesis stages. (11)
Oligospermia is an issue of male fertility, with a low sperm counts, Hypospermia is a disorder in which a man has an extremely small number of ejaculates (or semen), below 1.5 mL, Necrospermia (or necrozoospermia) is a disease in which semen contain a small percentage of live sperm and a very high percentage of immotile sperm and the medical term for reduced sperm motility is asthenozoospermia (or asthenospermia). These terms and conditions are the most common issues of male infertility that need treatment and they are almost treatable. (1, 2)
In a study (NCT02617173) held by researchers from Sheba Medical Center in Israel, found (after shocking the animals’ testis electrically) that keeping the tool close to the scrotum increased sperm concentration by 200 to 1.600 per cent, with the sperm contained outside the testicles and within the tubes known as epididymis where they mature. (12)
Regarding the adverse effects of the procedure, they stated the technology is safe enough to use for months without damaging the sperm.
Studies have shown that high electricity voltages can interact with the structure of the sperm and disrupt some function but the amount generated from this system is much lower. (12)
This study was tested on animals with good results and then it has been tested on 10 humans in 2016 but no results or any comments have been released.
In my study, the aim is to identify the effects of the moderate and controlled electrical shocks (below the sensation of pain or any bad sensation) on the infertile males with these four conditions: Oligospermia, Hypospermia, Asthenozoospermia and Necrozoospermia.