The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological and etiological characteristics of cervical lymphadenopathy in children, for 15 years (2003-2017) at the pathology laboratory of Lomé, Togo.
A total of 221 cervical adenopathies in children were collected. The sex ratio (M/F) of patients was 1.1 and the average age was 9.8 ± 0.3 years. The notion of HIV was found in 69 children. Histological, the etiologies were infectious (n = 128 cases, 57.9%), tumors (n = 96 cases) and others (n = 8 cases, 1.6%). The main etiology among infections was tuberculosis (n = 84 cases). Tumor etiologies were primitive in 82 cases and secondary in 3 cases. Primary tumors were dominated by lymphomas (n = 74 cases) in its Burkitt form (n = 44 cases). The etiologies of cervical lymphadenopathy in tropical environments are always dominated by infectious agents.