One of the most crucial phases in maintaining community health is promoting reproductive health and addressing its other dimensions at the national and international levels. Reproductive health is defined as all the important stages in the health insurance of family members, particularly women and girls, from birth to death . Women's health, on the other hand, is significantly influenced by their socioeconomic status .
Reproductive health programs have a direct impact on decreasing child and maternal death rates, preventing severe and expensive diseases, enhancing quality of life, and increasing functional life expectancy. According to the Action Plan and Document of the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994, it is described as "full physical, mental, and social well-being, which incorporates all parts of the reproductive system, its process, and function." It implies that people can choose how, when, how frequently, and when to have children. As a consequence, there is no conflict between awareness and access to secure, efficient, cost-effective, and acceptable family planning as well as the right to health care that would allow women to experience pregnancy and delivery safely. Social changes, technological developments, and people's knowledge and awareness have improved women's reproductive health in developed countries in recent decades, but there are still many challenges in the field of reproductive health in underdeveloped countries owing to women's lack of awareness [1, 3].
According to several studies, one of the biggest impediments to the adoption of contraceptive methods is poor socioeconomic status, and it is critical to consider women's financial stability while developing suggestions for how to counsel on contraceptive methods . Menstrual disorders, which are among the most common illnesses in adult women, appear to be related to socioeconomic status, specifically education and family income . Menstrual issues are more common among working women, maids, and salesmen .
Women with low socioeconomic status, on the other hand, do not have favorable nutritional status, highlighting the importance of socioeconomic status in personal health .
Education reassures women about the human reproductive system and raises their awareness of contraception, caring behaviors at various stages of pregnancy, such as prenatal, postpartum, and postnatal periods, the interval between births, and newborn care .
A person with a low socioeconomic status will have poorer health. Howe et al., who consider that social and economic inequality has a detrimental influence on physical health, are among those who have contributed to this effort . One study identified socioeconomic status as one of the causes of common mental problems in women .
Women have been victims all across the world, not just of social rights, but also of unequal opportunities . Long-term social and economic factors have an impact on both physical and mental health .
According to the findings of Pourmohsen et al. (1398), at the Gilan University of Medical Sciences, there was a substantial correlation between social inequality and the economic health of employing women, and social and economic disparity predicted 13% of employing women's health . In reality, there is a relationship between economic disparities and health and social problems, and people with higher incomes practice better .
According to Khavari et al. (2013), there is a significant relationship between all aspects of a sense of inequity and the mental health of social security workers, and the two social and economic components together explain around 13% of the mental health of women working in social security .
There has been little research that directly investigates the relationship between socioeconomic status and reproductive health in women, and no such study has been conducted in Iran thus far. As a result, the goal of this study was to determine the predictive influence of socioeconomic status on reproductive health in Ardabil women aged 35 to 70, in order to provide policymakers with unequivocal data to improve women's reproductive health.