AOAC, 2005. Official methods of analytical chemists (15th ed.). Washington DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
Calder, P.C., 2006. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and inflammation. Prostaglandins, leukotrienes and essential fatty acids, 75:197-202.
Chen, H., Pan, Y.X., Wong, E.A. and Webb, Jr K.E., 2005. Dietary protein level and stage of development affect expression of an intestinal peptide transporter (cPepT1) in chickens. The Journal of nutrition 135:193-198.
Cherian, G., 2011. Essential fatty acids and early life programming in meat-type birds. World's Poultry Science Journal, 67:599-614.
Classen, H.L., 2017. Diet energy and feed intake in chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 233:13-21.
Ghahremani, A., Sadeghi, A.A., Hesaraki, S., Chamani, M. and Shawrang, P., 2016. Energy Type and Amount in the Diets of Broiler Chickens: Effects on Performance and Duodenal Morphology. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 6:909-915.
Gilbert, E.R., Li, H., Emmerson, D.A., Webb, K.E. and Wong, E.A. 2008. Dietary protein quality and feed restriction influence abundance of nutrient transporter mRNA in the small intestine of broiler chicks. The Journal of nutrition, 138:262-271.
Hatzoglou, M., Fernandez, J., Yaman, I. and Closs, E., 2004. Regulation of cationic amino acid transport: The Story of the CAT1 transporter. Annual Review of Nutrition, 24:377-399.
He, L.Q., Yang, H.S., Hou, Y.Q., Li, T., Fang, J., Zhou, X., Yin, Y., Wu, L., Nyachoti, M. and Wu, G., 2013. Effects of dietary l-lysine intake on the intestinal mucosa and expression of cat genes in weaned piglets. Amino Acids, 45:383-391.
Hu, Y.D., Lan, D., Zhu, Y., Pang, H.Z., Mu, X.P. and Hu, X.F., 2018. Effect of diets with different energy and lipase levels on performance, digestibility and carcass trait in broilers. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 31:1275-1284.
Kim, C.H., Kang, H.K. and Kim, H.S., 2019. Effect of dietary energy levels on growth performance, blood parameter and intestinal morphology of Pekin ducks in low ambient temperature. Journal of animal science and technology, 61:305-312.
Mahdavi, R., Osmanyan, A.K., Fisinin, V.I., Ghazi Harsini, SH., Arkhipova, A.L., Kovalchuk, S.N., Shevyakov, A.N. and Kosovsky, G.Y., 2018. Impact of mash and crumble diets on intestinal amino acids transporters, intestinal morphology and pancreatic enzyme activity of broilers. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition, 102:1266-1273.
Majumder, M., Yaman, I., Gaccioli, F., Zeenko, V.V., Wang, C., Caprara, M.G., Venema, R.C., Komar, A.A., Snider, M.D. and Hatzoglou, M., 2009. The hnRNA-binding proteins hnRNP L and PTB are required for efficient translation of the Cat-1 arginine/lysine transporter mRNA during amino acid starvation. Molecular and cellular biology, 29:2899-2912.
Mateos, G.G. and Sell, J.L., 1981. Nature of the extra metabolic effect of supplemental fat used in semi purified diets for laying hens. Poultry Science, 60:1925-1930.
Mateos, G.G., Sell, J.L. and Eastwood, J.A., 1982. Rate of food passage (transit time) as influenced by level of supplemental fat. Poultry Science, 61:94-100.
Morales, A., Buenabad, L., Castillo, G., Vzquez, L., Espinoza, S., Htoo, J.K. and Cervantes, M. 2017. Dietary levels of protein and free amino acids affect pancreatic proteases activities, amino acids transporters expression and serum amino acid concentrations in starter pigs. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition, 101:723-732.
Osmanyan, A.K., Ghazi Harsini, SH., Mahdavi, R., Fisinin, V.I., Arkhipova, A.L., Glazko, T.T., Kovalchuk, S.N. and Kosovsky, G.Y. 2018. Intestinal amino acid and peptide transporters in broiler are modulated by dietary amino acids and protein. Amino Acids, 50:353-357.
Pineda, M., Wagner, C.A., Brцer, C.A., Stehberger, P.A., Kaltenbach, S., Gelpн, G.L., Martнn, R., Zorzano, A., Palacнn, M., Lang, F. and Brцer, S., 2004. Cystinuria-specific rBAT(R365W) mutation reveals two translocation pathways in the amino acid transporter rBAT-b0,+ AT. Biochemical Journal, 377:665-674.
Rodgers, N.J., Choct, M., Hetland, H., Sundby, F. and Svihus, B., 2012. Extent and method of grinding of sorghum prior to inclusion in complete pelleted broiler chicken diets affects broiler gut development and performance. Animal Feed Science and technology, 171:60–67.
Sakamoto, K., Hirose, H. and Onizuka, A., 2000. Quantitative study of changes in intestinal morphology and mucus gel on total parenteral nutrition in rats. Journal of Surgical Research, 94:99-106.
Shimakura, J., Terada, T., Saito, H., Katsura, T. and Inui, K.I., 2006. Induction of intestinal peptide transporter 1 expression during fasting is mediated via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 291:G851-G856.
Vieira, S. and Moran, E., 1999. Effects of egg of origin and chick posthatch nutrition on broiler live performance and meat yields. World's Poultry Science Journal, 55:125-142.
Vieira, S.L., Viola, E.S., Berres, J., Olmos, A.R., Conde, O.R.A. and Almeida, J.G., 2006. Performance of broilers fed increased levels energy in the pre-starter diet and on subsequent feeding programs having with acidulated soybean soap stock supplementation. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 8:55-61.
Wan, J., Choi, H. and Kim, W.K., 2020. Effects of dietary energy level and 1,3-diacylglycerol on growth performance and carcass yield in broilers. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 29:665-672.
Wang, C.Y., Liu, S., Xie, X.N. and Tan, Z.R., 2017. Regulation profile of the intestinal peptide transporter 1 (PepT1). Drug design, development and therapy, 11:3511-3517.
Willemsen H, Debonne M, Swennen Q, Everaert N, Careghi C, Han H, Bruggeman V, Tona K, Decuypere E (2010) Delay in feed access and spread of hatch: importance of early nutrition. World's Poultry Science Journal, 66:177-188.
Zanganeh, Z., Moradi, S. and Abdolmohammadi, A., 2015. The effect of increasing metabolizable energy, level and duration of feed restriction on performance and intestinal morphology in broiler chickens. 20th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Prague, Czech Republic. Page: 613-615
Zeng, P.L., Li, X.G., Wang, X.Q., Zhang, D.X., Shu, G. and Luo, Q.B., 2011. The relationship between gene expression of cationic and neutral amino acid transporters in the small intestine of chick embryos and chick breed, development, sex, and egg amino acid concentration. Poultry Science, 90:2548-2556.
Zhang, S., Saremi, B., Gilbert, E.R. and Wong, E.A., 2017. Physiological and biochemical aspects of methionine isomers and a methionine analogue in broilers. Poultry Science, 96:425-439.