This paper explores the effects of the adoption of industrial robots on pollution abatement for Chinese firms. We find that industrial robots can significantly lower SO2 emission intensity. Panel quantile regression shows that industrial robots have greater effects on reducing SO2 emission intensity at low quantiles. Heterogeneity test shows that the reduction of SO2 emission intensity in labor- and technology-intensive industries benefits more from industrial robots. Our findings indicate that industrial robots play important roles in pollution abatement while more efficient policies should be implemented to promote the combination of intellectualization and green development for heavily polluting industries.
JEL Classification: O33, Q53, Q58