The implementation of nano-engineered composite oxides opens up the way towards the development of a novel class of superior energy materials. Vertically aligned nanocomposites are characterized by a coherent, dense array of vertical interfaces, which allows for the extension of local effects to the whole volume of the material. Here, we use such a unique architecture to fabricate highly electrochemically active nanocomposites of lanthanum strontium manganite and doped ceria with unprecedented stability and straight applicability as functional layers in solid state energy devices. Direct evidence of synergistic local effects for enhancing the electrochemical performance, stemming from the highly ordered phase alternation, is given here for the first time using atom-probe tomography combined with oxygen isotopic exchange. Interface-induced cationic substitution, enabling lattice stabilization, is presented as the origin of the observed long-term stability. These findings reveal a novel route for materials nano-engineering based on the coexistence between local disorder and long-range arrangement.