Human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes (Exos) are a promising therapeutic agent for cell-free regenerative medicine. However, their poor organ-targeting ability and therapeutic efficacy have been found to critically limit their clinical applications. In the present study, we fabricated iron oxide nanoparticle (NP)-labeled exosomes (Exo+NPs) from NP-treated MSCs and evaluated their therapeutic efficacy in a clinically relevant model of skin injury. We found that the Exos could be readily internalized by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and significantly promoted their proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo . Moreover, the protein expression of proliferative markers (Cyclin D1 and Cyclin A2), growth factors (VEGFA), and migration chemokines (CXCL12) was significantly upregulated after Exo treatment. Unlike the Exos prepared from untreated MSCs, the Exo+NPs contained NPs that acted as a magnet-guided navigation tool. The in vivo systemic injection of Exo+NPs with magnetic guidance significantly increased the number of Exo+NPs that accumulated at the injury site. Furthermore, these accumulated Exo+NPs significantly enhanced endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenic tubule formation in vivo ; moreover, they reduced scar formation, and increased CK19, PCNA, and collagen expression in vivo . Collectively, these findings confirm the development of therapeutic efficacy-potentiated extracellular nanovesicles and demonstrate their feasibility in cutaneous wound repair.