Family planning (FP) is an important strategy in promoting maternal and child health. Although family planning was initiated in Sudan in 1965 and then incorporated into the Primary Health Care System in 1985, the utilization rate remains low, which is among the lowest countries in the region. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of a Community-based Family Planning Education Program on knowledge of family planning methods among Married Women in Aldaroshab and Alkadaro Areas, Khartoum State, Sudan.
This was a Quasi Community interventional study design. It was conducted in Sudan, Khartoum state, Aldaroshab and Alkadro areas. December, 2020. A Family planning program was invented as an intervention program. The population frame included all married women in age (15–49) years in research areas. The sample size was calculated by computerized method, the sample size 456 mothers. The data was collected by a questionnaire designed to measure mothers‟ knowledge, the questionnaire consisted of 30 questions covering the different aspects of family planning. Respondents were divided into two experimental and control groups randomly. The intervention group were women of Aldroshab area and the control group was women of Alkadro area. The data was collected by the researcher and assistants. A pre-evaluation was done on the knowledge of family planning using a structured questionnaire.
The findings showed that knowledge of women has significantly increased (P = 0.01 < 0.05) from 40–85% after program intervention. The most source of family planning information for women was from the TV/Radio (51%). The study results showed most of the intervention and control groups were illiterate (40%)
The study concluded that a family planning program intervention has significantly increased the mother's knowledge regarding family planning.