Background: Antibodies (Ab) play a significant role in immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Usually, following repeated exposure to pathogens, affinity maturation and clonal selection take place, resulting in increased antibody avidity. However, some studies suggest affinity maturation may not take place to malaria antigens in endemic areas. Information on development of antibody avidity is confusing and conflicting, in part, because different techniques have been used to measure avidity. Today, bead-based multiplex immunoassays (MIA) are routinely used to simultaneously quantitate antibody levels to multiple antigens. This study evaluated the feasibility of developing an avidity MIA with 5 merozoite antigens (AMA1, EBA-175, MSP1-42, MSP2, MSP3) that used a single chaotropic concentration. Methods: The most common ELISA protocols that used the chaotropic reagents guanidine HCl (GdHCl), urea, and ammonium thiocyanate (NH4SCN) were adapted to a multiplex MIA format. Then, different concentrations of chaotropes and incubation times were compared and results were expressed as an Avidity Index (AI), i.e., percentage of antibody remaining bound in the presence of chaotrope. Experiments were conducted to i) identify the assay with the widest range of AI (discriminatory power), ii) determine the amount of chaotrope needed to release 50% of bound Ab using plasma from adults and infants, and iii) evaluate assay repeatability. Results: Overall, 4M GdHCl and 8M urea were weaker chaotropes than 3M NH4SCN. For example, they failed to release significant amounts of Ab bound to MSP1-42 in adult plasma samples; whereas, a range of AI values was obtained with NH4SCN. Titration of NH4SCN revealed that 2M urea gave the widest range of AI for the 5 antigens. Binding studies using plasma from 40 adults and 57 one-year old infants in Cameroon showed that 2.1M ± 0.32 (mean ± SD) NH4SCN (adults) and 1.8M ± 0.23M released 50% of bound Ab from the merozoite antigens. The final avidity multiplex assay was highly repeatable. Conclusions. An avidity MIA is feasible for the 5 merozoite antigens that uses a single concentration (2M) of NH4SCN. The assay provides a simple method to quickly obtain information about Ab quantity and quality in the acquisition of immunity to malaria in endemic populations.