INTRODUCTION Denosumab and romosozumab, the recently approved new drug, are effective and widely known molecular-targeted drugs for postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment. However, no studies have directly compared their therapeutic effects or safety in postmenopausal osteoporosis. We believe the data evaluating the efficacy of each drug might be strong ground for further osteoporosis treatment.
METHODS This retrospective observational registry study compared the efficacy of 12-month denosumab or romosozumab treatment in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. The primary outcome was the change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine. Secondary outcomes included BMD changes at the total hip and femoral neck, changes in bone turnover markers, and adverse events. Propensity score matching was employed to assemble patient groups with similar baseline characteristics.
RESULTS Sixty-nine patients each received either denosumab or romosozumab for 12 months. The mean 12-month percentage change from baseline in lumbar spine BMD was 7.2% in the denosumab group and 12.5% in the romosozumab group, indicating a significant difference between the groups. The percentage changes in BMD at both the total hip and femoral neck were also significantly higher at 12 months in the romosozumab group than in the denosumab group. In denosumab patients, bone formation and bone resorption markers were significantly decreased at 6 and 12 months from baseline. In the romosozumab group, the bone formation marker was significantly increased at 6 months and then returned to baseline, while the bone resorption marker was significantly decreased at both time points. Adverse events were few and predominantly minor in both groups.
CONCLUSION Romosozumab showed a higher potential for improving BMD than denosumab in this clinical study of postmenopausal osteoporosis patient treatment.