Current hydraulic fracture models are mainly based on elastic theories, which fail to give accurate prediction of fracture parameters in plasticity formation. This paper proposed a fluid–solid coupling model for fracture propagation in elastoplastic formations. The rock plastic deformation in the model satisfied the Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion and plastic strain increment theory. The coupled model is solved by using extended finite-element method(XFEM) and the cohesive zone method (CZM). The accuracy of the model is verified by comparing the calculated results with existing models. The influences of stress difference, friction angle and dilation angle on fracture shape (length, width), injection pressure, plastic deformation, induced stress and pore pressure are investigated. The results indicate that compared with elastic formation, fracture shape in elastoplastic formation is wider and shorter and fracture propagation is more difficult with greater breakdown pressure and extending pressure. Plastic deformation also cause blunt fracture tip. High stress difference or low friction angle formations tend to occur large plastic deformation area and form wide and short fracture. Compared with friction angle, dilation angle is less sensitive to plastic deformation and fracture parameters and geometry. For the formation with high stress difference and friction angle, plasticity effects on fracture propagation should not be ignored.