Vernalization, an acceleration of flowering after long-term winter cold, is an intensively studied flowering mechanism in winter annual plants. In Arabidopsis, Polycomb Repressive Complex2 (PRC2)-mediated suppression of the strong floral repressor, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), is critical for vernalization and a PHD finger domain protein, VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3 (VIN3), recruits PRC2 on FLC chromatin. The level of VIN3 was found to gradually increase in proportion to the length of cold period during vernalization. However, how plants finely regulate VIN3 expression according to the cold environment has not been completely elucidated. As a result, we performed EMS mutagenesis using a transgenic line with a minimal promoter of VIN3 fused to the GUS reporter gene, and isolated a mutant, hyperactivation of VIN3 1 (hov1), which showed increased GUS signal and endogenous VIN3 transcript levels. Using positional cloning combined with whole-genome resequencing, we found that hov1 carries a nonsense mutation, leading to a premature stop codon on the HEAT SHOCK TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR B2b (HsfB2b), which encodes a repressive heat shock transcription factor. HsfB2b directly binds to the VIN3 promoter, and HsfB2b overexpression leads to reduced acceleration of flowering after vernalization. Collectively our findings reveal a novel fine-tuning mechanism to repress undesirable vernalization responses.