Background: Interference screw is commonly used for graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction However, previous studies h a d reported that the insertion of interference screws significantly caused graft laceration . The purpose of this study was to determine whether sutures reduce d the graft laceration from the insertion of interference screws in ACL reconstruction.
Methods: Porcine tibias and bovine extensor tendons were used for establishing a knee model of ACL reconstruction in vitro . The ends of grafts were sutured using three different sutures, including the bioabsorbable, Ethibond and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) sutures Poly ether ether ketone (PEEK) interference screw s w ere used fortibial fixation Biomechanical tests were performed to investigate the protective effects of different sutures on grafts
Results : All prepared tendons and bone specimens showed similar characteristics (length, weight, and pre tension of the tendons, tibial bone mineral density) among all groups ( P 0.05). The biomechanical test s demonstrated that PEEK interference screw s significantly caused the graft laceration P 0.05). However, all sutures (the bioabsorbable, Ethibond and UHMWPE sutures) did not reduce the graft laceration in ACL reconstruction P 0.05).
Conclusions : PEEK interference screw s significantly weakened the biomechanical properties of grafts during tibial fixation in ACL reconstruction. Absorbable Ethibond and UHMWPE sutures did not provide protective effects on grafts during ACL reconstruction.