Remembering a particular taste is crucial in food intake and associative learning. We investigated whether taste can be dynamically encoded, maintained, and retrieved on short time-scales consistent with working memory (WM). We used novel single and multi-item taste recognition tasks to investigate the organization and capacity of gustatory WM. In Experiment 1, we show that a single taste can be reliably recognized despite multiple oro-sensory interferences suggesting active and resilient maintenance. When multiple tastes were presented, the resolution with which these could be maintained, depended on their serial position implying a role of attention. Participants reliably recognized up to three tastes, compatible with a limited capacity of gustatory WM. Lastly, recognition was better for match than foil trials likely due to increased stimulus similarity in foil trials. Together, the results advocate a hybrid model of gustatory WM with a limited number of slots where items are stored with varying precision.