Background: In the last decades, endoscopic techniques to treat lumbar disc herniation (LDH) have gained popularity in clinical practice. However, few studies have described the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) in treating adolescent massive LDH. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of PTED in treating adolescent patients with massive LDH.
Methods: Between October 2012 and December 2018, retrospective analysis of 13 adolescent patients with single segment massive LDH at the Department of Spinal Surgery of Affiliated Dongyang Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. All patients were followed up for at least 12 months (range 12–20 months). The patients’ lower limb pain was evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Patient satisfaction was evaluated using the MacNab outcome scale. Clinical outcomes were measured preoperatively, at 3 days, 1 months, 3 months, 6 month and 12 months postoperatively.
Results: The VAS score for leg pain was 7.08 ±1.12 preoperatively and 3.23±1.01, 3.0 ± 1.01, and 2.62 ± 0.51, and 2.32± 0.48, and 1.46± 0.52, at 3 days, 1 months, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months postoperatively respectively. The ODI scores was 51.51 ±3.08 preoperatively and 21.74±1.15, 14.81 ± 1.50, and 2.78 ± 0.64, at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months postoperatively respectively. These postoperative scores were all significantly different when compared with preoperative scores (P < 0.001). According to the modified MacNab outcome scale, excellent was obtained in 7 patients, good was obtained in 5 patients, and fair was obtained in 1 patient, and 92.31% of these patients had excellent and good outcomes at the final follow-up. There were no complications related to surgery, and no spinal instability was detected.
Conclusion: The PTED is an effective and safe surgical method for the treatment of adolescent patients with massive LDH, but high-quality randomized controlled trials are still required to further verify these findings.