Fatigue is a common symptom in patients with rheumatism that is easy to ignore. In the absence of previous studies, our study aims to investigate the fatigue status, explore the potential predictors of fatigue and the effects of fatigue on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese gout patients.
This cross-sectional study was conducted from the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University. A series of questionnaires were applied: Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14), the 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Health Assessment Questionnaire(HAQ), the Short Form 36 health survey (SF-36). Laboratory examinations were taken to obtain some biochemical indicators. Independent samples t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test, Chi-square analysis, Pearson /Spearman correlation, Stepwise linear regression and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the data.
410 gout patients were included in this study. Among them, more than 50% patients reported physical fatigue in FS-14, severe disease, poor psychological status and reduced HRQoL were associated with fatigue. Multiple stepwise linear regression and binary logistic regression were applied and showed that pain, sleep quality, anxiety and depression were the potential predictors of fatigue. In addition, we found that the more severe the fatigue, the lower the patient’s HRQoL.
Fatigue among gout patients is exceedingly common. The results of this study suggested that rheumatologists should pay closely attention to gout patients who suffer from serious fatigue, especially those with pain, poorer sleep quality, anxiety and depression.