Background: Proficiency in self-help and mutual aid skills is correlated with the prognosis of injured patients, and this study aims to create treatment simulation software for war injuries that reflect the physical constitution of Chinese people and study its application in first aid training on the battlefield.
Methods: Based on thin-sectional, highly precise Chinese Visible Human (CVH) data with high resolution, combined with self-help and mutual medical aid measures such as digital pressure hemostasis, cricothyroid membrane puncture, pneumothorax puncture and bone marrow puncture for battlefield first aid, useing Amira and other softwares to building the simulation software for the technical training of military medical students and basic medical officers was constructed. Eighty medical service students were trained on battlefield first aid technology, and a new training mode for the treatment of war injuries was developed and optimized.
Results: Simulation software of hemostasis and puncture for battlefield first aid that was suitable for the technical training of military medical students and its supporting teaching materials 3D-PDF were established. The software included modules of hemostasis of the vertex, face, head-shoulder, shoulder-arm, forearm, upper forearm, lower limb and foot and puncture of the cricothyroid membrane , pneumothorax, and bone marrow cavity. Collaborating with interactive 3D-PDF, it was successfully used for on-site first aid training of military medical students. The questionnaire results showed that the trainees had a high recognition of the human-computer interactive performance of the software with a clear interface and easy operation. The accuracy and richness of the three-dimensional model structure, knowledge of hemostasis and puncture and applied anatomy contained in this software were high, helping trainees to quickly master the knowledge points and operation techniques related to hemostasis and puncture.
Conclusion: The system can effectively mobilize the learning enthusiasm of students and fully improve the learning efficiency of the basic materials and applied anatomy of battlefield first aid, as well as the teaching efficiency of teachers. The training simulation of battlefield first aid, comprising a combination of various modes, effectively complemented each other, met many training needs, and achieved satisfactory training results. Additionally, this software could be used in the emergency training of traffic accident injuries and disaster-related injuries.