3.1 New energy market development
From the perspective of energy consumption per unit of GDP, there is still a gap between China and the world average, which is 1.5 times the world average. The task of further reducing energy consumption and reducing pollutant emissions is still under tremendous pressure. From the perspective of total coal consumption, China consumes more than 4 billion tons of standard coal each year, of which electricity coal consumes 57%, and steel, chemical, building materials and other industries also have a large coal consumption; from the perspective of energy conversion efficiency, with the continuous improvement of technology, the energy-saving level of coal-fired units has improved by leaps and bounds. At present, the coal consumption of newly built units over 600,000 kilowatts has been reduced to within 300 g/kWh, reaching the world's advanced level. Under the current situation, it is the general trend to increase the proportion of renewable energy used and achieve clean energy. Improving energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption are the primary tasks for the future development of the energy industry. China’s 14th Five-Year Plan and for a long time to come, China’s energy structure will continue to transition to green and low-carbon.
To vigorously develop wind, solar, oil shale, hydrogen energy, biomass and other new energy power generation and energy storage business, we mainly consider making changes in the following aspects.
In the aspect of enterprise internal system management, the workflow of new energy business is simplified to adapt to the characteristics of low threshold and short and quick operation of new energy business.
From the aspect of market research, we should take the initiative to grasp the latest information in the market.
In the design process and scheme decision-making, simplify the process of professional cooperation and drawing countersignature to facilitate the fastest decision-making.
In terms of project management organization structure, it adopts the compound organization structure with flexible organization mode, and gives full play to the advantages of project and human resources.
3.2 Change and development of intelligent level
The electric Power Design Institute needs to actively promote scientific and technological innovation and management innovation, actively implement China's energy strategy and planning policies, and constantly improve management ability, management level and management effectiveness. Digital companies in the United States before the construction stage of about 80% improvement in the design phase. This figure may have changed today, and may not be fully applicable to domestic projects, but the trend revealed by it still has guiding significance - the benefits brought by digitization for construction are much greater than those at the design stage.
3.2.1 Strengthen the application of information technology
3D design and BIM system and other information technology means are applied in the design management, procurement management and project management of Electric Power Design Institute. It can not only improve the efficiency of project management, but also save the construction cost for investors.
Specifically, BIM Technology is a data-based tool applied in the whole process of engineering construction. Through information technology such as 3D design, it can realize 3D full information management and application in the whole process of project planning, design, construction and later operation and maintenance, which can provide an information collaborative platform for all parties involved in project construction. BIM has two advantages: one is that it can closely connect with traditional design and construction, and enhance the concept of integrated project management; the other is to improve production efficiency, save cost and shorten construction period.
3.2.2 Blockchain Technology
At present, according to the existing blockchain publishing standards, they are distributed in different standardization organizations, and relatively scattered. With the gradual attention paid to the development of blockchain industry in China, the standardization work will move to a new level. Among them, platform architecture standards and power transaction standards are the core to support the power trading business based on blockchain. However, considering the differences with traditional power trading, relevant testing and verification standards and communication and information security standards are still needed to support.
There are three forms of blockchain, namely public chain, alliance chain and private chain. Blockchain technology is widely used in foreign countries [17-20]. In the logistics field of Singapore Yojee can track the logistics status in detail and record the logistics information on the blockchain completely; the UK philanthropy, start network and disperse use the blockchain technology to track the flow of each charity fund; the point-to-point banking system Vault OS and Hought Machine finance company uses blockchain technology to ensure the safe storage of transactions. The application of blockchain technology in China mainly includes: in December 2019, the Bank of China launched the first domestic bond issuance system based on blockchain technology, which was successfully applied to the issuance of BOC's 20 billion special financial bonds for small and micro enterprises; in April 2020, China's national blockchain network, i.e., the blockchain based service network (BSN), will be fully launched after the test, which is the first time that the Chinese government will launch the system Step up the adoption and specialization of blockchain is an important milestone.
Power generation enterprises, power sales companies and power users use intelligent terminals to upload the information to the power trading center through the Internet, and the power trading center will send the processed information to the application server of the information extranet, and then the application server will transmit it to the power generation enterprises, power sales companies and power user terminals . The application of blockchain technology in the process of power transaction will also effectively promote the development of power design technology.
3.3 Development of consulting business in the whole process
Extend the simple design business to the whole process consulting business, horizontally expand the design business to the entire process from pre-planning to post-project evaluation, and initially expand the business types to include project management, investment consulting, bidding consulting, and general contracting services, supervision business, procurement consulting, etc. The status and responsibilities of the consulting enterprise in the project construction process should be clarified, and the government construction acceptance procedures should also be matched with it.
The Power Design Institute has its inherent advantages in the process of participating in the whole process of construction project consultation, such as complete enterprise qualification, complete registration personnel of various types of enterprises, and prominent advantages of design leading. However, in terms of national policies, as the pilot areas of the whole process consulting business are concentrated in the fields of construction, municipal administration, environmental protection and rural construction, less in the power market If the Electric Power Design Institute itself does not have business expansion in the non-electric field, it is still very difficult to carry out the whole process consulting business. At the same time, because of the strong professional ability of the investors in the field of power construction and the obvious dominant position in the market, the investors reject the whole process consultation of Electric Power Design Institute. Therefore, electric Power Design Institute should grasp the needs of power investment enterprises and vigorously develop the whole process consulting business in non-electric field.
In the domestic market, with the influence of domestic electricity price reform, promotion of coal-fired power pool, and the opening of Hao-Ji railway, coal-fired power and gas turbine projects have development space in some provinces. This year is the window period for the preparation of the energy and power planning of the 14th five year plan. The demand for the preliminary work of large-scale coal-fired power generation projects is increasing, which creates favorable conditions for the Power Design Institute to carry out investment consulting business. The conditions for carrying out construction consulting projects of large-scale coal-fired power generation projects in the domestic market are not mature, and it takes time for investors to change their concepts and innovate their construction modes. The Power Design Institute can actively operate the prepackaged service projects of development projects. In the international market one area, especially one belt, one road, large coal fired power generation projects have the needs of owner engineers. The owners of the former mainly invited the European and American companies, and the actual operation results were not cost-effective, which provided an opportunity for the domestic electric Power Design Institute to carry out the whole process of consulting services in the international coal-fired power generation projects.
For the Power Design Institute of coal-fired power generation project, the whole process consultation can be divided into investment consultation and construction consultation. Investment consulting business can be simply understood as the preliminary service in the stage of project proposal and feasibility study. The work content is to prepare various reports and review, so as to make the project approved smoothly. Investment consultation can be understood as the expansion of work and service scope of Electric Power Design Institute on the basis of feasibility study stage.
Construction consulting is a new format for investors. It is necessary to understand the relationship between construction consulting and EPC as well as the collaborative development trend in the future. Construction consulting routine can be understood as “1 + N”, “1” represents project management business, and “N” represents preliminary design, survey, engineering supervision, special consultation, cost consultation, bidding agency and other businesses.
If the Electric Power Design Institute wants to develop the whole-process consulting business, it should carefully study national and local policies, especially to meet the policy requirements of the place where the project is located. In general, power design institutes with strong EPC business capabilities have a strong advantage in whole-process consulting. In general, power design institutes with strong EPC business capabilities have a strong advantage in whole-process consulting. Electric Power Design Institute general EPC business has a strong ability to have a strong advantage in terms of the whole consultation process. Therefore, the Electric Power Design Institute should rely on its own ability to carry out the whole process consulting business and vigorously cultivate the whole process consulting ability. Therefore, the Electric Power Design Institute should rely on its own ability to carry out the whole process consulting business and vigorously cultivate the whole process consulting ability. It can also cooperate in-depth with some equipment manufacturers, construction companies, engineering agencies and window units with high qualifications and good cooperation records to jointly develop markets and establish joint ventures .
3.4 Personnel training and reserve
If the electric Power Design Institute wants to develop the new energy market business, intelligent level and whole process consulting business mentioned above, it is necessary to create new talents. The electric Power Design Institute should not only strengthen the cultivation of employees' innovative consciousness, but also actively introduce new design technologies, organize electric power designers to carry out skill training and learning, and strengthen the cultivation of compound design talents. Strengthen the analysis of the status quo of human resources, and carry out research on job setting, professional configuration, enterprise development, and personal career development. Timely adjust the organization and rationally deploy internal human resources. Improve the talent training system centered on capacity building, continue to do a good job in the construction of three teams of high-level enterprise management talents, high-quality project management talents, and high-level professional technical talents to form a complete talent structure. Steadily promote the salary performance incentive mechanism, revise the evaluation methods of department and company leaders, and do a good job in the research and preparation for the full implementation of the performance evaluation of all employees .
Transform from traditional personnel management to modern corporate human resource management; from human resource management focusing on solving current problems to systematized and strategic human resource management focusing on solving long-term problems; from mechanism management to equal emphasis on cultural management Transformation, from in-depth training of professional talents to an equal emphasis on cross-professional compound professionals .