Background: Concerns about smoking displacement from public places to private amenities aroused following smoking ban implementation in Bavaria in 2008. We analysed children’s exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) before and after the ban, its effect on children’s health and prevalence of active smoking in adults.
Methods: Six cross-sectional surveys (n=32,443) on pre-school children in Bavaria were analysed, two surveys before the smoking ban in years 2004 and 2005 (S1 and S2) and four after the ban in 2008, 2012, 2014 and 2016 (S4, S6, S7 and S8). Using multivariate logistic regression, we analysed change in children’s SHS exposure and its adverse health effects (Asthma, wheezing, bronchitis and neurodermatitis) as well as change in parental active smoking.
Results: Odds of parents never smoking at home in presence of children increased significantly from before to after the ban with odds ratios (OR) 1.17 (CI 95% 1.01 – 1.35), 1.65 (CI 95% 1.39 – 1.95), 2.85 (CI 95% 2.32 – 3.51), 2.24 (CI 95% 1.84 – 2.72) and 3.66 (CI 95% 2.89 – 4.63) for S2, S4, S6, S7 and S8, respectively with S1 as reference. Compared to S4, odds of parents not actively smoking is significantly higher in S7 (OR= 1.13 (CI 95% 1.03 – 1.24)) and S8 (OR= 1.24 (CI 95% 1.13 – 1.36)). Adverse health effects related to children’s exposure to SHS are significantly less in S8 compared to S1.
Conclusion: Smoking displacement to homes after the ban in Bavaria was disproved. Number of parents quitting smoking is increasing over time. Prevalence of health problems in children related to exposure to SHS is decreasing.