Recent rapid thinning of West Antarctic ice shelves are believed to be caused by intrusions of warm deep water that induce basal melting and seaward meltwater export. Dotson Ice Shelf has a high basal melt rate due to southward ocean heat transport in the Dotson-Getz Trough. We deployed three bottom-moored instrument arrays along the ice shelf calving front, obtaining continuous records of temperature, salinity, and current velocity throughout 2014 and 2015. Southward deep water velocities were highest along the eastern channel slope, while northward outflows of freshened ice shelf meltwater spread at intermediate depth above the western slope. Inflow warm water along the eastern slope into the sub-Dotson cavity reached a maximum of 182 MW m− 1 in Summer, 3.5 times larger than the autumn/winter values of 51 MW m− 1. The inflow correlated with the local ocean surface stress curl. At the western slope meltwater outflows were strongest during autumn and weakest in spring, following the warm influx along the eastern slope with a ~ 2–3 months delay. Ocean circulation near Dotson Ice Shelf, affected by sea ice distribution and wind, appears to be a significant control on the inflow of warm water and subsequent ice shelf melting on seasonal time-scales.