Background: Sepsis has high incidence and fatality rates in intensive care units, often leading to renal failure. The effectiveness of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (S-AKI) patients is currently uncertain.
Aim: Joint mode was used to determine the effect of CRRT on the lactate levels and survival of S-AKI patients.
Methods: A retrospective study was applied to patients with sepsis and AKI, which were extracted from the MIMIC-III public database, with the endpoint being 28-day mortality. Every lactate level measurement within 28 days was observed and calculated using logarithms. Joint model combined the longitudinal analysis of the natural logarithm of the lactate level [log(lactate)] in longitudinal submodel and Cox regression by trajectory function, demonstrating the effects of CRRT on 28-day survival and log(lactate) changes, and its final relationship with the event status.
Results: Among the 717 S-AKI patients, 157 received CRRT. CRRT was not associated with 28-day mortality. After adjustments, the relationship between CRRT use and log(lactate) elevation was statistically significant. The parameter estimation of CRRT and log(lactate) indicated that using CRRT will increase log(lactate) by 0.041 in S-AKI patients. The joint model also instigated a fixed association between changes in the lactate level and the event result, revealing an exp value of (1.755) =5.78, indicating that an increase of one unit in log(lactate) will increase the risk of 28-day mortality 5.78-fold.
Conclusion: CRRT does not improve the prognosis of patients with sepsis and acute kidney injury in critical-care units and has a tendency of increasing lactate levels, which is a significant risk factor for the prognosis.