Focusing on the problem that the polarization aberration caused by the non-normal incidence of the polarized beam affects the accuracy of the azimuth transmission during the fiber coupling process of the non-line-of-sight azimuth transmission system, this paper starts from the principle of non-line-of-sightazimuth transmission. The polarization aberration relation of the lens-fiber combined interface is established based on the Fresnel formulafor the attenuation difference between the horizontal and vertical electric vectors. Further, the azimuth solution model affected by polarization aberration is established. Numerical simulation results show that in non-normal incidence, no polarization aberration will occur when the polarization angle between the incident ray and incident surface is 0° or 90°. Otherwise, the polarization aberration changes toward the incident surface, and the azimuth transmission error will increase with the increase of the polarization aberration. Last, the optimization measures are proposed. This is of great significancefor further improvement of the azimuth transmission system based on polarization-maintaining fibers, the selection of the instrument,and the improvement of the system measurement accuracy.