Tetralogy of fallot (TOF) is one of the most common diseases among cyanotic congenital heart diseases which is associated with 2-23% of coronary artery abnormalities. Pre-operation knowledge the anatomy of coronary arteries in patients with TOF eliminates damage to them during surgery and prevents post-operative complications such as myocardial ischemia and heart failure.
Materials and methods:
This retrospective study was done on all patients with TOF who were referred for diagnostic catheterization and angiography before total surgical correction from 2006-2016. All patients entered the study and all angiographic views including extreme caudal, LAO cranial , and selective coronary artery angiography were evaluated and reviewed accurately.
332 cases of patients with TOF including from one month to 36 years old were reviewed. The prevalence of coronary artery abnormalities among them was 11.4% (38 from 322 individual). 9.1% and 15.3% of males and females had abnormal coronary anomalies but it was not significant statically (p-value: 0.064). In 13 of 38 patients with coronary anomalies , coronary arteries crossed right ventricular out flow tract (RVOT)(3.4%). The most common coronary abnormality was origin of the both main coronary arteries from left sinus of Valsalva.
Compared with other populations, the abnormal arteries among the patients with TOF in our study is significant (11.4%) and accurate assessment of their courses is necessary before surgery. Single origin of coronary arteries from the left side was the most common finding in our study too.