The frequency and intensity of natural disasters continue to increase with climate change, especially earthquake disasters, causing community in the serious damage and casualties. How to improve community awareness and adaptability to disasters is key point for policymakers, because each community may bring different perspectives to understanding community disaster adaptive and resilience. Based on the aspects of adaptive capacity and community resilience, we adopting the choice experiment (CE) to assess the disaster prevention preferences of urban and suburban residents to establish an adaptive evaluation framework for community disaster management. The results show features that affect the differentiation of community residents' participation regarding community disaster management program are : 1) to have a regularly disaster prevention drills, 2) to cooperate drills with local governments, 3) to train to become a disaster prevention vanguard, and 4) to assemble NGOs and government forces to respond for disaster-occurring. The scenario of integrated disaster prevention educations and community organization transformation has the highest welfare effects among all the proposed scenarios; And only if the disaster prevention management preference and disaster perception ability of community residents are applied to the disaster prevention strategy, so that disaster management can be effectively implemented in the community. These findings provide useful theoretical construction and policy inspiration for the government in the development of disaster management and community disaster management organizations.