Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common and fatal cancers worldwide and effective biomarkers aids in GC management and prognosis. Hence, we explored the role and function of cadherin 6 (CDH6) in diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer.
The expression level of CDH6 in GC tissue and normal gastric tissue were analyzed using multiple public databases. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed using The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset (TCGA). The diagnostic efficiency of CDH6 expression in GC patients was determined through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The associations between clinical variables and expression of CDH6 were evaluated statistically and the prognostic factors for overall survival were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression. Forty-four GC tissues, corresponding adjacent normal tissues (n=20), and detailed clinical information were collected from Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, CDH6 expression level was detected for further validation.
CDH6 was upregulated in GC samples compared with normal gastric tissue, and GSEA identified the citrate cycle tricarboxylic (TCA) cycle, extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor interaction, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism oxidative phosphorylation, and pentose phosphate pathway as differentially enriched in GCs. According to the area under the ROC curve (AUC) (AUC=0.829 in TCGA and 0.966 in GSE54129), CDH6 had high diagnostic efficiency. Patients with high expression of CDH6 was associated with higher T classification and worse prognoses than those with low CDH6 expression in GC. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CDH6 was an independent risk factor for overall survival (univariate: HR = 1.305, P = 0.002, multivariate: HR = 1.481, P < 0.001).
CDH6 was upregulated in GC and high CDH6 expression indicated higher T classification and worse prognoses. CDH6 could be a potentially independent molecular biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of GC.