Both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke can cause long-term disability that requires therapy. Motor repair after stroke is associated with plasticity, including the development of new neuronal interconnections, obtaining new functions, and compensation for existing damage. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an effective method used to diagnose and treat many neurological disorders. Another way that is proven to also improve upper arm motor function is mirror therapy which is proven to improve post motorized motor function.
The research design used in this study was an experimental method with a randomized pretest-posttest-control group design at Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and the network.
Based on the results of the study found that the difference in ARAT score 1-2. The difference in ARAT scores was higher in the group receiving standard therapy with mirror therapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (21.70 ± 7.81) compared to the group receiving standard therapy alone (2.80 ± 1.20). Using the unpaired T test, a significant difference p <0.005 (p <0.00004) was obtained.
There was a significant difference between samples that received mirror therapy and rTMS compared to patients who only received standard therapy.