Background: For the majority of the patients, surgical treatment of primary infantile exotropia (PIE) with large exodeviation angels of more than 50 prism diopters (PD) is not satisfactory. We evaluate the effectiveness of augmented lateral rectus (LR) muscle recession in treatment of congenital exotropia with large deviation angles.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for 25 patients with congenital exotropia who had at least 60 prism diopters (PD). Augmented LR recession was performed using a hemi hang-back technique. The ocular alignment, ocular motility and binocular vision were evaluated pre- and postoperatively.
Results: There were 14 male and 11 female affected individuals with congenital exotropia included in this study, with a mean age of (3.92±2.02) years (range, 1 - 7 years). The average exodeviation angle was (68.0±8.78) PD (range, 60 - 80 PD) preoperatively. All patients underwent bilateral LR recession, of whom 3 patients underwent bilateral inferior oblique muscle transposition in the same operation. The mean surgical dosage was (11.08±1.19) mm for each lateral rectus muclse. All patients did not have abduction deficiency after a large amount of lateral rectus recession. 21 of 25 patients (84.0%) acquired orthophoria at the primary gaze position at the final visit. 13 patients obtained binocular vision.
Conclusions: Augmented bilateral LR recession is an effective and safe surgical procedure for treatment of congenital exotropia with large deviation angles.