Background: Stable stand structure of mixed plantations is the basis of giving full play to forest ecological function and benefit, and the pure Eucalyptus plantations with large-area and successive planting have presented to be unstable and vulnerable in typhoon-prone area. In this study, we investigated eight 30 m × 30 m plots randomly in pure and mixed eucalyptus forests on growth status, characterized and compared the distribution of non-spatial structure of mixtures with that of mono-species plantation, and evaluated the stand quality and stability from eight indexes including preservation rate, stand density, height, diameter, stem form, degree of slant, tree species composition and age structure, so as to find out the best mixed composition and pattern of eucalyptus and other tree species in typhoon-prone area.
Results: Eucalyptus surviving in the mixed forest of Eucalyptus and A. mangium (EA) and the mixed forest of Eucalyptus and P. elliottii × P. caribaea (EP) were 5.0% and 7.6% greater than those in pure Eucalyptus forest (E) respectively, while only the stand preservation rate of EA was greater (+2.9%) than that of pure Eucalyptus forest. The proportions of all mixtures on the height class that greater than 7 m were fewer than that of monoculture. The proportion of EA and EN (mixed forest of Eucalyptus and N.cadamba) on the diameter class that greater than 7 m were 10.6% and 7.8% respectively more than that of monoculture. EN got a highest ratio of branching visibly (41%), EA got a highest ratio of slant stems (8.1%) and EP got a most straight and complete stem form (68.7%). The stand stability of the mixed forest of Eucalyptus and A. mangium presents to be optimal for its subordinate function value (0.76) and status value (ω = 0.607) of real stand were the largest.
Conclusion: A. mangium is a most superior tree specie to mix with Eucalyptus for a more stable stand structure in the early growth stage to approach an evident and immense stability and resistance, which is of great significance for the forest restoration of Eucalyptus in response to extreme climate and on the forest management.