Background: Endometriosis is one of the most common gynaecological illnesses causing extensive psychological, physical and social impact on patient´s life and exerts negative effects on health-related quality of Life (HRQoL). However, the effects of surgery on the postoperative HRQoL in the different endometriosis subgroups have not been fully evaluated.
Methods: We performed a comparative retrospective study between 2014 and 2018 at the Medical University of Vienna, including all patients with surgically confirmed endometriosis who had completed the standardized Endometriosis Health Profile - 30 (EHP-30) questionnaire one day after surgery (the questions refer to the four weeks preoperatively) and six to ten weeks postoperatively.
Results: Compared to preoperative values, we found significant benefits, regarding postoperative conditions, in our study group (n=115) in all five categories, “pain” (HR 0.78, p<0.001); “self-determination” (HR 0,92, p<0.001); “emotional health” (HR 0,83, p<0.001);” social environment” (HR 0,67, p<0.001); and “self-image” (HR 0,47, p<0,001). Patients with only peritoneal endometriosis had the lowest preoperative clinical symptoms and there were no significant changes in any of the categories. In the subgroups deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) and DIE + ovarian endometrioma, surgical intervention results in a significantly greater improvement in all categories of EHP 30 compared to ovarian endometrioma without DIE or peritoneal endometriosis.
Conclusion: Our study shows, that especially women with DIE - with or without ovarian endometrioma - demonstrate a more pronounced benefit from surgical therapy compared to patients with peritoneal endometriosis or endometrioma without DIE.