OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of PMS and its associated factors among female college students in China.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted by administering an online questionnaire to the Wannan Medical College and Tongling Polytechnic, Anhui Province, China.
RESULTS: A total of 1668 female college students participated in the study, aged 17–23 years, age at menarche ranged from 9 to 16 years. The prevalence of PMS was 50.7% (846/1668). Anxiety (OR = 2.132, 95% CI = 1.620–2.807), pressure (OR =1.890, 95% CI = 1.512–2.363), smartphone addiction (OR =1.249, 95% CI = 1.009–1.547), and dysmenorrhea (OR =2.676, 95% CI = 2.170–3.301) were the risk factors for SHS, while sleep time was the protective factors for SHS.
CONCLUSION: Depending on the findings of present study, we recommend that governments develop policies and guidelines to improve the health and productivity of female college students.