Background: The diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (DSVPC) is a rare variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with features of strong ability of invasion, metastasis, relapse, and mortality. Its diagnosis is difficult to obtain because of the special differentiation state of the cancer cells.
Case Presentation: A 21-year-old woman arrived at the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University in October 2019 because of a peach-pit-sized mass that she had noticed 1 month before. Color duplex ultrasonography findings suggested a thyroid nodule.
Conclusions: Based on findings of the specialist examination, physical examination, and thyroid ultrasonography, the patient was initially diagnosed with thyroid neoplasm. Under general anesthesia, thyroidectomy was performed, removing the right lobe and isthmus, and biopsy specimens were obtained from lymph node groups III, IV, and VI on the right side. The final histological diagnosis was DSVPC.