Objectives: To evaluate the effects of two adhesives on the bond strength of different degrees of dental fluorosis (DF).
Methods: Teeth which were indicated for extractions for orthodontic or periodontal problems were selected. 180 extracted teeth were selected with varying degrees of DF based on modified Dean's fluorosis index, including 60 teeth with mild fluorosis, 60 teeth with moderate fluorosis, and 60 teeth with severe fluorosis. The teeth in each group were randomly divided into 2 subgroups (n=30) that were subjected to the all-etching bonding system (Prime & Bond NT) and self-etching bonding system (SE-Bond). Each group of adhesives was used to bond Z350 universal resin (3M) to the etched dental enamel. Tensile and shear testing were used to determine the bond strength. After the tensile testing, the fractured specimens were examined under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser scanning confocal microscope. (LSCM).
Results: The Prime & Bond NT had statistically significant on tensile and shear strength for mild fluorosis enamel (P<0.05), but it had no significant difference for moderate and severe dental fluorosis (P>0.05). Self-etching bonding system (SE-Bond) had no statistical significance on the tensile and shear strength for mild, moderate and severe dental fluorosis (P>0.05). SEM and LSCM showed that the mild fluorosis enamel crystals were relatively dense and a small amount of resin remained. The moderate fluorosis enamel crystals were loosely arranged and the gaps were widened. The severe fluorosis enamel crystals were irregularly arranged. The disorder was aggravated, and the dentinal orifice exposed by partial enamel exfoliation can be seen.
Conclusions: The bonding strength of mild fluorosis enamel to Prime & Bond NT was better than that of SE-Bond . And there is no difference in the bonding strength of SE-Bond to different degrees of DF.