We present a tunable multichannel absorbers in a hybird optical Tamm system at near-infrared frequencies. The simulation results reveal the structure capable of exciting four perfect absorption peaks, which are generated by two types of resonance, namely a guide-mode resonance (GMR) in a graphene-based grating and optical resonance induced by Tamm states in metal-photonic crystal heterostructure-metal (M-PCH-M) composites based on transfer matrix theory (TMT). The numerical and theoretical studies show that the strong coupling between the two modes gives rise to mode hybridization by adjusting the grating period. Coupled mode theory (CMT) has been employed to explain the strong coupling phenomenon. Furthermore, the active modulation of the GMR-based peak can be manipulated discretely by tuning the polarization angle or continuously by changing the chemical potential of graphene. The presented optical absorption filter is going to satisfy high level of effectiveness when developing perspective high-performance optoelectronic devices including modulators, switches, solar cells, thermal radiation and wave filters.