Objective Obstetric fistula is one of the most devastating birth injuries, affecting up to 3.5 million women. Depression is the priority mental disorders affecting up to 98% the patient living with obstetric fistula and adversely affects their quality of life. Inconsistent reported prevalence of depression and dearth of comprehensive meta-analysis need an up to date evidence for decision makers. Thus, the purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the pooled prevalence of depression among women with obstetric fistula.
Methods Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library and SCOPUS were searched. Heterogeneity across the studies was assessed by Cochrane chi-square (χ2) and quantified by I 2 statistics test. Funnel plots and Egger’s test were used to determine publication bias. Sensitivity test and subgroup analysis were also performed. The pooled prevalence of depression was calculated using random effects model and Dersimonian and Laird method.
Results Fifteen eligible studies were included in the study. The pooled prevalence of depression was found to be 72% (95% CI; 60%-83%). We found evidence of significant heterogeneity (I 2 =95.64% and p < 0.001). Sensitivity test showed none of the point estimates was outside of the overall 95%CI. No evidence of publication bias egger’s test (p =0.654).
Conclusion Around three fourth of women with obstetric fistula experienced depression. Thus, authors’ suggest the need of special attention to mange co-morbid depression among women with obstetric fistula, such as an integrated mental health care.