Resting metabolic rate (RMR) quantifies the minimal energy required to sustain vital body functions and is a crucial component of childhood development. While inter-individual variations in RMR have been studied for over a century they are poorly understood. Wang (Am. J. Hum., 2012) has modelled mean RMR per unit body mass (RMR/BM) in children grouped into age classes one year apart; this model is able to explain the variation in RMR/BM very accurately in a reference Caucasian dataset based on the relative masses of four major organs (liver, kidney, brain, heart) and the residual mass. However, it is not clear if it applies to other ethnicities, especially when the variation in the RMR is observed to be large in a population. Here we address the extent to which such a model can be adapted to explain RMR/BM in Indian children. Here we present two novel phenomenological models that describe the mean RMR/BM stratified by age in Indian children and adolescents, using data from the Multi-Centre Study (MCS) and RMR-USG. MCS is a cross-sectional dataset on 495 (235 girls) children aged 9 to 19 years with anthropometric, body composition and RMR measurements. RMR-USG consists of anthropometric data, RMR, and liver and kidney volume measured through ultrasonography in nine girls and nine boys aged 6 to 8 years. The mean RMR/BM in Indian children is observed to be significantly lower compared to their Caucasian counterparts, except in boys in the age groups 9 to 11 years and 12 to 13 years. The first is a modified Wang model in which the relative masses of four major organs are assumed to be uniformly lowered for Indian children. Theoretical predictions of size are not uniformly borne out in a pilot validation study, however, the relative mass of the kidney is indeed found to be significantly lower. We then present another version of the Wang model to demonstrate that changes in body composition alone can also explain the Indian data. Either model can be thus used phenomenologically to estimate mean RMR/BM by age in Indian children; however, understanding the mechanistic basis of variation in RMR/BM remains an open problem.