Resistance training is an excellent intervention for obtaining different physiological improvements in the elderly. The present study aimed to investigate the chronic effects of different neuromuscular training on cardiovascular, cardiorespiratory, and walking performance responses in the elderly. One hundred five people (64 women and 41 men) participated in the study, physically active, all over 60 years old. They were randomized to compose three groups: Strength Group, (n = 35), Resistance Group (n = 35), and Control Group, (n = 35). Both experimental groups (Strength Group and resistance group) performed four weeks of adaptation and 12 weeks of specific training. The Strength Group and the resistance group did four weeks adaptation phase and 12 weeks intervention load with 70-85% and 50-70%, respectively. The same exercise program was used in the experimental groups, using the alternating method by segment with the bench press, squat, one-sided curved stroke, leg extension, biceps curl, knee flexion, Triceps forehead. Both strength and resistance groups carried out two weekly sessions with an interval of at least 48 and a maximum of 72 hours. A pre and post-evaluation of resting heart rate (HR), blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), rate pressure product (RPP) was performed, and oxygen absorption (VO2max) and walking performance were estimated through the 1600 test meters. In systolic pressure, there was an improvement for the Strength Group (p=0.007) but not for the resistance group (p=0.172) and control group (p=0.999). Between groups, differences were observed between the Strength Group with the control group (p <0.0001). For diastolic pressure, there was a difference for the Strength Group (p=0.000) and not for the resistance group (p=0.916) and the control group (p=0.107). in an inter-group comparison, differences were observed for the Strength Group (p<0.0001) and resistance group (p=0.001) when compared with the control group. For heart hate and double product, in the intra-group analysis, no difference was observed (p>0.05), but in the intergroup, for both variables, the difference was observed for the Strength Group and resistance group when compared with the control group (p<0.0001). Concerning VO2max, the resistance group presents better intra and inter-group results (p<0.05). In walking performance, there were improvements for the Strength Group (p=0.027) and resistance group (p<0.0001). among the groups, the resistance group was the best compared to the Strength Group (p=0.000) and the control group (p<0.0001). Conclusion resistance training can be a great strategy for hemodynamic and cardiorespiratory improvement in the elderly.