Many of the well-known neuron models are continuous time systems with complex mathematical definitions. Literatures have shown that a discrete mathematical model can effectively replicate the complete dynamical behaviour of a neuron with much reduced complexity. Hence, we propose a new discrete neuron model derived from the Huber-Braun neuron with two additional slow and subthreshold currents alongside the ion channel currents. We have also introduced temperature dependent ion channels to study its effects on the firing pattern of the neuron. With bifurcation and Lyapunov exponents we showed the chaotic and periodic regions of the discrete model. Further to study the complexity of the neuron model, we have used the sample entropy algorithm. Though the individual neuron analysis gives us an idea about the dynamical properties, it’s the collective behaviour which decides the overall behavioural pattern of the neuron. Hence, we investigate the spatiotemporal behaviour of the discrete neuron model in single- and two-layer network. We have considered noise and obstacles as the two important factor which changes the excitability of the neurons in the network. When there is no noise or obstacle, the network display simple wave propagation with highly excitable neurons. Literatures have shown that spiral waves can play a positive role in breaking through quiescent areas of the brain as a pacemaker by creating a coherence resonance behaviour. Hence, we are interested in studying the induced spiral waves in the network. In this condition when an obstacle is introduced the wave propagation is disturbed and we could see multiple wave re-entry and spiral waves. Now when we consider only noise with no obstacle, for selected noise variances the network supports wave re-entry. By introducing an obstacle in this noisy network, the re-entry soon disappears, and the network soon enters idle state with no resetting. In a two-layer network when the obstacle is considered only in one layer and stimulus applied to the layer having the obstacle, the wave re-entry is seen in both the layer though the other layer is not exposed to obstacle. But when both the layers are inserted with an obstacle and stimuli also applied to the layers, they behave like independent layers with no coupling effect. This in a two-layer network stimulus play an important role in spatiotemporal dynamics of the network. Similar noise effects like the single layer network are also seen in the two-layer network.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4

Figure 5

Figure 6

Figure 7

Figure 8

Figure 9

Figure 10

Figure 11

Figure 12

Figure 13

Figure 14

Figure 15

Figure 16

Figure 17

This preprint is available for download as a PDF.

Loading...

Posted 11 Mar, 2021

###### No community comments so far

###### Editorial decision:

**Revise before review**On 26 Feb, 2021

###### Editor assigned

On 15 Feb, 2021

###### First submitted

On 14 Feb, 2021

Posted 11 Mar, 2021

###### No community comments so far

###### Editorial decision:

**Revise before review**On 26 Feb, 2021

###### Editor assigned

On 15 Feb, 2021

###### First submitted

On 14 Feb, 2021

Many of the well-known neuron models are continuous time systems with complex mathematical definitions. Literatures have shown that a discrete mathematical model can effectively replicate the complete dynamical behaviour of a neuron with much reduced complexity. Hence, we propose a new discrete neuron model derived from the Huber-Braun neuron with two additional slow and subthreshold currents alongside the ion channel currents. We have also introduced temperature dependent ion channels to study its effects on the firing pattern of the neuron. With bifurcation and Lyapunov exponents we showed the chaotic and periodic regions of the discrete model. Further to study the complexity of the neuron model, we have used the sample entropy algorithm. Though the individual neuron analysis gives us an idea about the dynamical properties, it’s the collective behaviour which decides the overall behavioural pattern of the neuron. Hence, we investigate the spatiotemporal behaviour of the discrete neuron model in single- and two-layer network. We have considered noise and obstacles as the two important factor which changes the excitability of the neurons in the network. When there is no noise or obstacle, the network display simple wave propagation with highly excitable neurons. Literatures have shown that spiral waves can play a positive role in breaking through quiescent areas of the brain as a pacemaker by creating a coherence resonance behaviour. Hence, we are interested in studying the induced spiral waves in the network. In this condition when an obstacle is introduced the wave propagation is disturbed and we could see multiple wave re-entry and spiral waves. Now when we consider only noise with no obstacle, for selected noise variances the network supports wave re-entry. By introducing an obstacle in this noisy network, the re-entry soon disappears, and the network soon enters idle state with no resetting. In a two-layer network when the obstacle is considered only in one layer and stimulus applied to the layer having the obstacle, the wave re-entry is seen in both the layer though the other layer is not exposed to obstacle. But when both the layers are inserted with an obstacle and stimuli also applied to the layers, they behave like independent layers with no coupling effect. This in a two-layer network stimulus play an important role in spatiotemporal dynamics of the network. Similar noise effects like the single layer network are also seen in the two-layer network.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4

Figure 5

Figure 6

Figure 7

Figure 8

Figure 9

Figure 10

Figure 11

Figure 12

Figure 13

Figure 14

Figure 15

Figure 16

Figure 17

This preprint is available for download as a PDF.

Loading...