A novel coronavirus disease 2019 is pandemic infectious disease. It is neither SARS nor influenza; rather it is a zoonotic virus that can be transmitted to humans. COVID-19 was emerged at the end of 2019 in China in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei China. Physical contact and respiratory routs are the two most important well established routs of transmission of the virus. This study is aimed to evaluate knowledge gap and risk activities against Covid-19 in Addis Ababa.
The study used a primary data collected from 431 individuals with analysis of descriptive statistics and multivariate binary logistic regression. Explanatory variables practicing health care service, age, sex, family size, working place, lock down, safe working environment, use transportation, contacting density population, health status and flight history; and knowledge gap and carefulness is response variable at 5% level of significance.
In this work practicing health care service & physical distance, safe working environment and Contacting density population are statistically significant predictors in describing risk transmission of Covid-19. Intercept (OR = 1.429, 95% CI: 1.199, 1.659), Practicing health care service & Physical Distance (OR = 6.885, 95% CI: 6.765, 7.005), Working Place (OR = 1.206, 95% CI: 0.961, 1.451) and Safe working environment (OR = 4.013, 95% CI: 3.768, 4.258) were factors significantly associated with increased risk of Covid-19 transmission.
To control disease transmission in Addis Ababa we need to encourage inhabitants to practice health care service & physical distance, to work their jobs at home and preparing national guidelines to safe working environment and usage transportation.