Background: Emerging evidence indicates that various functional genes with altered expression are involved in the human tumor progression. This study is aimed at identifying novel key genes that may be used for oligodendroglial tumor diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted therapy.
Methods: This study included three expression proﬁles (GSE15824, GSE29796 and GSE108474) obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). GEO2R was used to analyze the diﬀerentially expressed genes (DEGs) between normal samples and oligodendroglial tumor, including oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma. The functional and pathway enrichment analysis was performed by the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of the identiﬁed DEGs was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Gene, and hub genes were identiﬁed. ONCOMINE and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases were used to verify the expression of the hub genes in oligodendroglial tumor tissues and the hub genes on the overall survival of oligodendroglial tumor patients.
Results: A total of 128 DEGs were identiﬁed from the three expression proﬁles. These DEGs were enriched with functional processes and pathways related to oligodendroglial tumor pathogenesis. From the PPI network, five hub genes were identiﬁed. The expression of the five hub genes was all upregulated in oligodendroglial tumor tissues compared with the control tissues. Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated that high expression of cullin 3 (CUL3), cop9 signalosome subunit 8 (COPS8), cullin associated and neddylation dissociated 1 (CAND1), F-box protein 22 (FBXO22), and leucine rich repeat containing 41 (LRRC41) predicted poor overall survival in oligodendroglial tumor patients (all log-rank P < 0.01).
Conclusions: These results revealed that the DEGs may serve as candidate key genes during oligodendroglial tumor pathogenesis. The five hub genes, including CUL3, COPS8, CAND1, FBXO22, and LRRC41, may serve as promising prognostic biomarkers in oligodendroglial tumor.